Hummingbirds are only found in South and North America, with three species occurring in the wild in Florida.
These small birds are characterized by their glittering plumage and levitating capabilities.
We’ll be taking a look at the 4 types of hummingbirds in Florida.
- Ruby-throated Hummingbirds
- Black-chinned Hummingbirds
- Rufous Hummingbirds
- Buff-bellied Hummingbirds
Note: The hummingbirds are ranked in no particular order.
1. Ruby-throated Hummingbirds
Scientific name: Archilochus colubris
Most of these birds spend the winter in Mexico and parts of South America, but a small population stays in southern Florida throughout the entire year.
Their numbers grow from March as they come back from their yearly migration.
Ruby-throated hummingbirds are the most common hummingbirds in Florida. They’re usually not larger than 3.5 inches and males are recognizable because of their ruby-colored throats.
The body is normally metallic green with patches of grey. The wings are almost entirely black.
In the wild, they primarily feed on nectar as they’re highly adapted for a liquid diet. They can also be attracted by artificial feeders, but they have to be filled with nectar – not grains and seeds.
2. Black-chinned Hummingbirds
Scientific name: Archilochus alexandri
Although they do occur in Florida, they’re much more common in the western United States. Their numbers, however, aren’t as great as those of ruby-throated hummingbirds.
These hummingbirds are recognizable by the males’ entirely black heads, while the heads of females have a more natural combination of white and brown. They’re usually not longer than 3.25 inches.
Juveniles are born featherless, but their plumage quickly becomes similar to that of adult females.
3. Rufous Hummingbirds
Scientific name: Selasphorus rufus
The smallest and the rarest of the three species of hummingbirds occurring in Florida, rufous hummingbirds have a red face with orange variations. The chest of the male is white, while green feathers are also common.
Females don’t have the same rufous head that males do. They’re most common in northwestern parts of the continent and they migrate further south to survive the winter. In Florida, they’re mostly found in the panhandle.
4. Buff-bellied Hummingbirds
Scientific name: Amazilia yucatanensis
Found wintering in the Florida panhandle, these bids can grow up to 4.3 inches. They’re recognizable because of the metallic green head and neck, yellow chest, and red and black wing feathers.
These hummingbirds in Florida panhandle are normally found in Mexico where females build nests in the trees. They normally live in couples and both parents aggressively defend the nest, as well as the feeding location.
Hummingbirds are not that common in Florida, and most species are only found overwintering in the Sunshine State. However, the rosy-throated hummingbird can be found throughout the entire year in some places.
These birds can be attracted by planting the right flowers, but also by using bird feeders filled with nectar. While they’re not particularly fond of people, they aren’t afraid of feeding in backyards.